One of those most important moments in a child's personal and academic life arrives: he begins his last year of primary school. A key point to close a very special stage and that will begin another adventure to discover: reaching secondary school. In the step from fifth to sixth gradeConcerns often arise, especially among students, about the closing of a stage that they have been overcoming and enjoying but at the same time, they are seeing the 'dreaded' secondary stage on the horizon. But for that we have a whole course to face; Let's discover some of the keys to face this new course.
1. Effort and personal work, very important
The most important thing to keep in mind is that children must be aware of the effort and personal work they have to contribute to this course. It is not one more, it is the end of a stage that has general objectives that have to be achieved to promote the next course.
It is not that suddenly sixth grade of primary school becomes an impossible mission or that something is required of them that has not been asked before, but that this demand will mark their evolution and, although they will be supported and accompanied by teachers and families, it is the children who must take the reins and carry out their work in a totally autonomous way.
2. The role that the family should have
The role of families in this course is so important that as a teacher I have always recommended acting 'from behind the scenes'. That is, you can be demanding at home when it comes to meeting schedules and tasks, but it must be done without transmitting a feeling of excessive pressure, as it is counterproductive and does not benefit anyone. To make our work easier, it is essential to set rules and limits that redirect attitudes or behaviors that keep children from fulfilling their responsibilities.
3. The need to foster dialogue
We are facing a fairly complex age (10-12 years). I say complex because the active listening done by children of this age is quite scarce, tending to listen directly to what interests them. Faced with this, I insist on the need to set guidelines and norms that are implemented through dialogue, associating non-compliance with them with the corresponding consequences.
4. The use of new technologies
Technologies also come into play, since many of the children between the ages of 10 and 12 have a mobile phone, something that each family will have to judge whether it is the most appropriate or not.
My experience as a sixth grade tutor was very positive. For this I have clear some keys that can be used by families and teachers:
5. Dialogue and reflection
To be able to make available to children all the tools that allow us to speak, exchange impressions, talk about their concerns or concerns, be interested in what they like to do, etc ... Be close to them, show real interest in listening to them and attending to their needs , they can open many doors for us in the emotional and affective sphere, which affects their formation much more than we may think at first.
6. Work habit
Spend time daily reviewing what has been done in the classroom, write down doubts, make diagrams or summaries that facilitate the study, reinforce what needs more time to understand it, etc.
7. Education in values
Encourage in children of these ages aspects such as: empathy (very important that they understand the importance of putting themselves in the place of others, respect (oneself, peers, family, their environment), equality (between sexes , of opportunities, of social rights ...), freedom (of choice, to express an opinion, to be happy with what we want to do in life, etc.).
That is, the move to sixth grade is the end of the stage and the beginning of another very special one. It is essential to accustom children to take command and be the ones to build their own learning but also their vital space within the society in which they live. Make them aware of the importance of their actions and also know how to accompany them from a distance, making them see that everything is learned and there is always a learning opportunity in each of their actions.
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