The call ARFID disorder in children It is still very unknown, both in education centers and in health centers, and few still know how to relate this concept to eating disorders in children. And the few who do relate it tend to do so with the adolescent population and often neglecting early detection and treatment, not so much in children.
In the post of GuiaInfantil.com Today we want to provide families and schools, especially school canteens, more about the details of this possible disorder or difficulty. With the intention of promoting more detection and more intervention from an earlier age.
The sARFID igles correspond to the terms Avoidant or Restrictive Food Intake Disorder, translated as Avoidant or Restrictive Eating Disorder. This concept already describes the two most problematic situations in children when facing food: avoidance and selection.
Without being children who do not want to eat (anorexia) or who do it impulsively (bulimia) there is, unfortunately, this disorder that we want to give you more information about.
Recently, in 2013, the last and fifth edition of the manual for therapeutic diagnosis, the DSM-V (or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), was published, in which some of the characteristics that we are telling you today were specified.
Specifically, we will focus on some of the most important indicators of risk or suspected difficulty, possible causes and the three main referrals to specialists:
Possible indicators of difficulty
It is important to know the main indicators of suspicion of an ARFID disorder or behavioral difficulties with feeding in children:
1. Eat certain foods, being very selective.
2. You have a lack of appetite and little interest in food.
3. Significant weight loss.
4. Takes a long time to eat and / or objects.
5. Eat small amounts of food.
6. Malnutrition, nutritional deficit in weight and height.
7. May require nutritional supplements.
8. Avoidance of eating out.
9. Family worried about the daily routine.
10. You would benefit from psychological stimulation.
Possible causes of the difficulty
It is also important to know your main and possible causes of the development of an ARFID disorder or behavioral difficulties with the feeding of the smallest of the house:
11. Parents and siblings with a selective attitude towards food.
12. Excessive sensitivity to sensory stimuli (touch, color, smell, taste, etc.)
13. Fear and / or panic of being able to suffocate or vomit.
14. Traumatic experience with food (swallowing a tooth, etc.)
15. Gastrointestinal discomfort (nausea, vomiting, heartburn, etc.)
It will be important to ensure a good environment and predisposition with food, starting tasks such as daily games and without forcing. The three main referrals to the maintenance of these feeding difficulties would be the doctor, the psychologist and the speech therapist:
- Go to the doctor in the event of significant nutritional difficulties, to assess the need to use supplements, control weight and / or rule out possible gastrointestinal reasons that may explain the situation.
- Go to the psychologist, in the face of significant behavioral difficulties since many may develop anxiety, fear and obsession with food.
- Go to the speech therapist, faced with significant feeding difficulties to be able to work on the gradual and progressive desensitization of food, being able to work on objectives such as: touch of different textures, acceptance of a variety of individual or mixed colors, varied flavors and temperatures, smells, etc.
The relationship that children establish with food can always be complicated, but the parents are there to help them and provide them with resources.
You can read more articles similar to The diagnosis of ARFID in children: an unknown eating disorder, in the Eating Disorders category on site.