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Hanukkah or Hanukkah is a Hebrew liturgical holiday that is also known as Festival of lights or luminaire, since it is tradition to fill the house with chandeliers with candles that illuminate while enjoying a family dinner.
This festival takes place during 8 days in which the revolt of the Maccabean people is commemorated, in the second century BC, where the Jewish people regained their independence from the Greeks and managed to claim the Temple of Jerusalem
Hanukkah is celebrated on Kislev 25 of the Jewish calendar, that is, between the end of November and the beginning of December of the calendar used in the West, that is, the Gregorian, and has been celebrated for hundreds of years.
Hanukkah is one of the most celebrated festivals in the world, it is a very joyful festival where light is the essence. For 8 days, Jews, regardless of their level of religious belief, carry out these traditions:
- Candlesticks are lit, either with candles or oil:
The function of the luminaires is not only to illuminate inside the house, but to illuminate outside, that is why they are usually placed near a window or the door of the street, so people who pass can see them and thus remember the miracle of this holiday .
- Gifts are exchanged:
It is a celebration in a sense similar to Christmas, since it is customary to dine with friends and family and exchange gifts.
- It is played with dreidels:
It is a kind of whirligig or spinning top with four faces and each face has a letter of the Hebrew alphabet, the acronym that is formed with the four letters means: 'a miracle happened here'.
- The song 'MaozTzur' is sung:
It is a song that explains how God protects the Jews from every enemy or empire that tries to destroy them.
- Typical recipes are eaten:
Delicious traditional recipes are shared such as sufganiot, a kind of fritters, latkes, fried potato paste that is served as a side or rugelach, a traditional sweet.
And, above all traditions, the essence of this spiritual festival is about enlightening with values and transmitting them into the dark to share them with others.
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