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Blowing the wound or placing the antiseptic before washing the wound or cleaning it well, not putting on gloves, trying to remove a foreign body from inside the wound, not going to the hospital in time to make the stitches or covering it with a dressing or a Band-Aid and leaving it without daily surveillance are some of the bad practices that are committed when treating the healing of a wound in children.
- Wash your hands and put on disposable gloves before proceeding to treat a wound. This will prevent contact with blood both to avoid infection of the injury and for your protection.
- Clean the wound with running, cool water. Let the water run over the wound to wash away foreign bodies (dirt or tissue debris) until no dirt remains.
- Wash your hands again after giving first aid.
2. Prevention measures
- Dry the surrounding skin without touching the wound. If a foreign body is stuck in the wound, try to hold it to prevent movement.
- You should never try to extract a foreign body stuck on the wound.
3. Stopping the bleeding
- Cover the wound with a sterile dressing or a clean, dry tissue.
- Stop the bleeding by pressing directly on the wound, if it has not stopped spontaneously.
- Avoid removing the first gauze wet with blood when stopping the bleeding, as the skin may have dried and when it is removed it will stick.
4. Application of an antiseptic
- The antiseptics in transparent liquid allow to see the state of the wound, its evolution and its coloration throughout the entire healing process.
- When placing the antiseptic, prevent the dropper from coming into direct contact with the wound.
5. Cover and cover the wound
- Place a dressing or band-aid over the wound so that it does not become contaminated until the scab forms that will protect the skin until the inner tissues that will repair the skin of the wound are formed.
6. Go to the doctor
- Visit the doctor to assess the condition of the wound and assess whether the child or baby has been vaccinated against tetanus.
7. Regularly monitor the wound every day to assess for infection
- It is convenient to carry out a daily cure, applying antiseptic again and changing the wound dressing. These cures are used to observe the evolution of the wound and detect a possible infection.
- A wound is infected when there is inflammation and edema at the edges, redness around the wound or a sensation of local heat, pain and a prickling sensation in the wound. The infection is advanced when the exudate from the wound is yellow-green in color (pus) and in addition, the child presents fever and general malaise.
8. Avoid delaying medical assistance
- The deadline for stitches to be applied to a wound is a maximum of 4 to 6 hours from when it occurs.
9. Popular measures to avoid
- Blow the wound. There is a danger of contamination due to germs in the mouth.
- Use cotton because its threads can enter the interior of the wound, adhere or stick to the skin.
- Rub the wound to remove dirt.
- Put tight bandages to prevent bleeding.
- Cauterize (burn) the wound.
10. Severity of the wound
An injury is serious and needs immediate medical assistance when:
- The wound is deep or has been made with a sharp object.
- The wound or wounds penetrate into cavities.
- Has introduced a foreign body.
- The edges do not meet, are rough, and measure more than 2 or 3 centimeters.
- The wound is larger than the size of the palm of the hand.
- The wound reveals subcutaneous tissue, muscle or bone.
- The wound affects joints, hands, feet, eyes and genitals.
- It cannot be cleaned properly.
- It has been produced by the bite of people or animals.
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