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Pediatric check-ups of the child from 2 to 14 years old

Pediatric check-ups of the child from 2 to 14 years old


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How often do we have to take children to the pediatrician for their health check-ups? Up to 18 months, well-child check-ups in Primary Care are scheduled every 2 or 3 months, but from 2 years of age, your child will only have to visit their pediatrician every 2 years.

Part of the visit will focus on the analysis that the pediatrician makes of the information given by the parents, that we are observing the child all day. In any case, the pediatrician can ask directly if he sleeps well, eats alone, does well in school or any other question related to the health and development of the child.

The goal of check-ups during the child's first years of life is:

- 2 to 5 years. It focuses especially on detecting development problems and sensory defects, as well as on the education of basic habits (sleep, hygiene ...).

- 6 to 14 years. During this period, the definitive habits of food, hygiene, behavior, sleep are acquired ... It is important to work with the parents on the family environment.

- Administer the vaccines corresponding to their age: measles, rubella and mumps vaccine. The existence of other vaccines that are not included in the schedule may be reported: varicella vaccine.

- Complete physical examination. Special attention to language development and pronunciation defects to refer to a speech therapist, if applicable. Assessment of psychomotor development: alternately go down stairs, draw a human figure with two or three body parts, name one or more colors, tell a story or can fasten clothes.

- Feeding tips.

- Oral health. It is recommended to permanently remove the pacifier, if the habit persists, to prevent dental malocclusions.

- Administer diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis vaccines.

- Complete physical examination with special attention to the visual acuity of each eye separately through appropriate optotypes and stereoscopic vision tests, to the locomotor system (footprint, lower limbs and spine), to the genitalia (testes in bags, phimosis, vulvar synechiae and pubertal development).

- Assessment of psychomotor and language development: jump on the limp, draw a complete human figure, have fluent language, dress and undress alone.

- Feeding tips.

- General physical examination with special attention to blood pressure, cardiopulmonary auscultation and peripheral pulses.

- Eating advice based on avoiding prolonged fasts, insisting on regular meals and autonomy in the act of eating.

- To avoid accidents, risk sports and the use of safety elements such as helmets, knee pads or shin guards are discouraged.

- Start sex education: girls should be informed about menstruation. You must answer the questions and discuss the content learned in school.

- Administer varicella and meningococcal C.

- General physical examination with special attention to pubertal development, the locomotor system, (footprint, lower limbs and spine), oral health (caries, enamel defects, malocclusion, trauma), visual and auditory acuity, and weight and height percentiles .

- Social habits. Degree of satisfaction in school, assessment of psychosocial risk factors (family problems, abuse) and consumption habits (tobacco, alcohol and other drugs).

- Oral health.

- Advice for the family and the adolescent aimed at setting limits, increasing self-esteem and recognizing the physiological changes of this stage.

- Review the vaccination schedule and administer the missing vaccines for their age.

- General physical examination with special attention to pubertal development, the locomotor system, (footprint, lower limbs and spine), oral health (caries, enamel defects, malocclusion, trauma), visual and auditory acuity, and weight and height percentiles .

- Social habits. Degree of satisfaction in school, assessment of psychosocial risk factors (family problems, abuse) and consumption habits (tobacco, alcohol and other drugs).

- Assess the degree of sexual maturity and, if appropriate, the existence of risky sexual practices.

You can read more articles similar to Pediatric check-ups of the child from 2 to 14 years old, in the category of on-site development stages.


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