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A wound infection occurs when microbes (bacteria, fungi ...) manage to enter through a cut in the skin, when it does not carry any type of protection, disinfectant or antiseptic. Microbes settle in the tissues of wounds, preventing their healing and worsening their condition.
A wound can be a tear, a cut, a burn ... Deeper wounds, caused by bites, large burns or deep ulcers, including cuts made during a surgical intervention, are the most likely to be infected. However, small wounds, if not treated properly, can also become infected. Infection is very common in wounds that have broken edges, with recesses, protrusions and sinuous. We help you identify and treat an infected wound.
How do you know that a wound is infected? Pain, redness and swelling, as well as discharge, are signs that leave no doubt that a wound is infected. Wounds that are slow to heal or do not improve with treatment are also almost always infected. What's more, infection is a common risk in these types of injuriesEspecially if it is a long cut and caused by a sharp object.
In any case, it is very important to wash with soap and water to clean the wound, because once an infection has occurred it is more complicated because resistant bacteria may have lodged. All the care will be little when it is observed that the wound provokes and presents.
- Local fever sensation
- Pricking and stinging sensation
- Inflammation and swelling at the edges
In addition to these symptoms, if the infection is advanced, you will notice the presence of:
- Pus (accumulation of dead white blood cells)
- General discomfort
The most important thing inside a wound and to avoid infection is not so much to treat it but to try to prevent it from becoming infected by taking good care and cleaning the wound at the time it has occurred, and maintaining a periodic cleaning of this wound.
Anyway, if the infection has already appeared, if it is a localized infectionPossibly doing a good wash, making a good drag with gauze, avoiding, for example, cotton because it loosens fibers that can prevent and create healing problems, using a good antiseptic, can be enough to control the infection.
Fight a wound infection and relieve your symptoms, too it will depend on the severity of the injury. To stop the infection and help promote wound healing, it is advisable that the wound be evaluated by a doctor because he will surely indicate the appropriate medications. Health care should be sought in the event that the child:
- Have a fever
- Feel discomfort
- You have a feeling of nausea or vomiting
A sanitary orientation will also be necessary when the wound presents:
- Dark or strong red color in its central part
- Pain and swelling
- Pus or bad smell
Do you know what you should never do when caring for a wound or burn in a child? The Dr. Juan Hernández, from the Red Cross, He tells us what are the most common mistakes that parents make in these cases, due to the rush or speed in attending:
1. The use of an antiseptic as a substitute for a good wash. Washing with soap and water is essential and is the first thing we must do before a wound. Clean it first and wash it well, and everything we do later will help but cannot replace washing.
2. In case of burns, it may be to puncture the blisters. Instead of accelerating healing, we will be making another wound where there was none, thereby increasing the risk of infection.
3. Applying ointments or household items such as toothpaste to relieve pain on the burn, which we should not use because it can create problems in healing and create skin irritation. And when we have to clean this wound it can be very painful to remove what we have applied.
4. Using pharmacological treatment such as antibiotic or anti-inflammatory ointments with cortisone, without medical guidance. Medications are treatments that must be prescribed by the doctor, not parents or guardians.
You can read more articles similar to How to identify and treat an infected wound, in the First Aid category on site.